What are the effects of glutamate on our lives?
Table of Contents
What is glutamate?
Glutamate is an acidic amino acid. Exist in a large amount in cereal protein, the content of animal brain is also more. Glutamate plays an important role in protein metabolism in organisms and participates in many important chemical reactions in animals, plants, and microorganisms. MSG contains a small amount of glutamic acid. Glutamate is one of the basic amino acids in nitrogen metabolism in living organisms, and it is of great significance in metabolism. Glutamate is the main component of protein, and glutamate is ubiquitous in nature. A variety of foods and the human body contain glutamate, which is not only one of the structural amino acids of proteins or peptides but also a free amino acid.
What are the main uses of glutamic acid?
Medically, glutamic acid is mainly used to treat hepatic coma, and it is also used to improve children’s intellectual development. In the food industry, monosodium glutamate is a commonly used food freshener, and its main component is sodium glutamate. In the past, the production of monosodium glutamate was mainly carried out by the hydrolysis method of wheat gluten (gluten), but now it is produced by the microbial fermentation method.
L-glutamic acid is mainly used in the production of monosodium glutamate, spices, salt substitutes, nutritional supplements, and biochemical reagents. L-glutamic acid itself can be used as a drug, participating in the metabolism of protein and sugar in the brain, and promoting the oxidation process. This product combines with ammonia in the body to form non-toxic glutamine, which reduces blood ammonia and relieves the symptoms of hepatic coma.
Glutamate is the world’s largest producer of amino acids and can be used as a nutraceutical for skin and hair. Used as a hair growth agent, it can be absorbed by the scalp, prevent hair loss and regenerate hair. It has nutritional functions on dermal papilla and hair mother cells and can expand blood vessels, enhance blood circulation, and have the effect of hair growth and hair loss prevention. Used on the skin, it is effective in the treatment of wrinkles.
What are the functions of glutamate?
Glutamate is generally used to reduce the toxic effects of ammonia in the metabolic process, thereby preventing and treating hepatic coma and protecting the liver. And glutamate can be used as an energy substance in brain tissue to improve brain function. And glutamate, as a supplement to the nerve center and cerebral cortex, has a certain therapeutic effect on children with concussion or nerve injury, epilepsy, and intellectual disability. However, it should be noted that glutamate should be used with caution in patients with renal insufficiency or anuria.
What does glutamate do to plants?
Glutamate is one of the components that make up protein. Glutamate plays an important role in photorespiration nitrogen metabolism; it reduces the content of nitrate in plants; it has a certain promotion effect on plant photosynthesis; it can also be used as a nutrient for increasing plant yield.
Polyglutamic acid will have a certain protective effect on the root system of plants. It will form a protective film on the roots of plants, which can protect root hairs and can better transport nutrients and water in the soil to plants. It can also absorb nutrients in fertilizers and deliver them to plants to improve the conversion rate and utilization rate of fertilizers. The composition of the soil is very complex. Glutamic acid can also prevent the sediment caused by the chemical reaction between some acid ions and metal elements, promote the development of plant roots, and strengthen the disease resistance of plants.
Long-term use of chemical fertilizers will cause the soil to be acidic, and polyglutamic acid can adjust the properties of the soil very well. It can also combine toxic heavy metals, filter them, integrate plant nutrition and active ingredients in soil, and enhance plant disease resistance. In addition, it can rapidly increase the production of agricultural products such as tea, fruits, and vegetables.
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